Production of feed for farm animals, storage and delivery

Sunflower, soy, rapeseed, flaxseed oilcakes

 Feed-Group LLC offers flaxseed, sunflower, soybean, and rapeseed oilcakes.

Oilcake is a valuable product for feeding farm animals, obtained in the production of vegetable oils. Due to its high nutritional properties, oilcake is widely used as a feed additive in the diet of cattle, pigs, sheep and goats. The oilcake is obtained from the seeds of oilseeds - sunflower, rapeseed, flax and others.

In their composition, oilcakes contain highly digestible protein (protein), containing essential amino acids, as well as vegetable oils. When introducing oilcake into the diet, the addition of other vegetable oils is excluded.

The oilcake is mainly used in the feed industry, and restrictions have been set on the inclusion of oilcake in diets, since it has a negative effect on the quality of milk, butter, and cheese.

Thus, when receiving milk for subsequent sale, dairy cows are allowed to add up to 4 kg of sunflower oilcake to their diet, and when processing milk into butter - no more than 2.5 kg. If the milk is intended for cheese production, then the cow’s diet should contain no more than 1.5 kg of oilcake.

Some types of oilcakes made from cruciferous seeds contain harmful and toxic substances, so they can be fed only after preliminary moisture-heat treatment. To determine the presence of these substances in the oilcake, you need to crush a small amount of the oilcake, pour it over with warm water and place it in a warm place. Oilcake oilcakes with a high content of glucosides begin to emit a pungent mustard odor after 15 minutes.

Sunflower oilcake is most often included in animal diets. Young cattle are given up to 1-1.5 kg, cows - 2.5-4, pigs - 0.5-1.5 kg. The oilcake should be fed dry after grinding or moistened shortly before distribution to animals.

Ground sunflower oilcakes are not stored for a long time, since they are hygroscopic, and at high humidity, triglycerides of fatty acids, under the action of enzymes, decompose into glycerol and fatty acids, which subsequently change under the influence of developing bacteria and molds, releasing an extremely unpleasant odor.

Flaxseed oilcake is readily eaten by animals of all kinds and is included in the diet in the same quantities as sunflower oilcake.

In practice, there have been cases of poisoning of animals when feeding flaxseed oilcake soaked in warm water due to the presence of hydrocyanic acid in it. Hydrocyanic acid is formed by the breakdown of linamarin glucoside under the action of the enzyme linase. The danger is represented by oilcakes, in 1 kg of which more than 0.2 g of hydrocyanic acid is formed.

Soybean oilcake is valued for its high protein content (up to 38-42%), which contains 5.2% lysine, 1.1% methionine, 1.7% cystine, and 1.2% tryptophan.

Soybean oilcake is mainly used in the production of animal feed.

Rapeseed oilcake must be subjected to moisture-heat treatment before feeding, and then checked for the presence of erucic acid and glucosinolates. When obtaining oilcake from eruco-free and low-glucosinolate varieties of rapeseed, it can be fed to animals of all types. The digestibility of organic matter was 67%, protein - 81.0, fat - 83.0, fiber - 21, BEV - 73%.